What Exactly Is Dengue And How To Avoid It.
Dengue is a fever or viral infection transmitted by female Aedes mosquito bite, which is called break bone fever. It has some characteristics i.e a harsh headache, skin rashes, and joint pain. When the mosquito bites a person with dengue virus in their blood, the mosquito gets infected.
This female mosquito when infected with a dengue virus, bites a person, dengue virus infected his blood. Thus, Dengue can’t be spread from one person to another person directly.
Dengue viruses spread in tropics, subtropics area and with local variations in risk influenced by rainfall, temperature, and unplanned rapid urbanization.
Dengue has arisen as a worldwide problem since the 1950s. More than one-third of the world population, infect the dengue fever yearly. There is no vaccine to protect against the dengue fever.
Early recognition and timely treatment can decrease the risk of the complications and death of dengue.
Early symptoms of dengue fever are similar to a normal fever but, after several days infected people feel irritated, body pain and weakness.
There are three stages of dengue fever.
- Early stage
- Deeply perceptive stage
- Shock stage : It can lead to death.
Here are all stage symptoms of dengue virus, through which we recognize of dengue fever.
Early symptoms include:
- Decreased appetite
- Joint pain
Deeply perceptive stage symptoms include:
A serious problem can develop here.
- Skin rashes
- Tiny spot of blood on the skin
- High fever
- Gum bleeding
- Reduce the platelet (white blood clots)
- Weakened immune system
Shock stage symptoms include:
This stage also includes deeply perceptive stage symptoms. The person feels more Cold, damp arms and legs. These symptoms may lead to death, called dengue shock syndrome (DSS).
Doctor advise for several tests to examine the dengue fever. Tests may include:
Blood Test :
This test is used to find signs of the virus in the blood.
Coagulation (blood clots) tests :
This test measures your blood’s ability to clot and the amount of the time it takes to do so.
Electrolytes Test :
It measures the minerals and other fluids in your blood that provide energy.
Hematocrit Test :
This blood test measures the whole blood percentage volume that is made up of red blood cells. It measures the number and size of red blood cells.
Liver Enzymes :
Liver tests are a part of a blood test that detects the liver functions. It includes ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase; liver function tests include PT, INR, albumin, and bilirubin.
Platelet Count :
Platelets test is also a blood test, which counts the platelets in the blood. Platelets help the blood clots. You should have minimum 150000 platelets in your blood.
Serum Studies :
Serum includes antibodies, antigens, and any substance such as drugs or microorganism that used in clotting blood. Such tests are done during serious illness and afterward.
X-ray of the chest :
It may be used to show up the fluid in the lung and chest.
There is no known cure or vaccine invented for dengue fever. The treatment depends on the symptoms.
These treatments may include:
- Increase the platelets through transfusion of fresh blood.
- Normal low blood oxygen rehydration with intravenous (IV) fluids to treat dehydration through Oxygen therapy.
- Supportive care in an intensive care unit (ICU).
The best way to prevention of dengue fever is personal protection such as:
- Full coverage wearing
- Be clean your house and nearest place
- Mosquito repellent
- Mosquito nets
Dengue mosquitoes are found during the day time near stagnant water. You can prevent yourself by following the above points and removing stagnant water wherever you found in your locality.
By educating people, we can control mosquitoes. Mosquito control programs can reduce the risk of dengue virus or infection.
Dengue is a serious and dangerous disease which has no any vaccine to prevent. The biggest issue is that dengue virus is spreading fast. One-third of population across the globe suffers from Dengue every year. However, the progress has been made in developing vaccines against this disease. So, always take care of yourself.
There is an idiom, “Precautions is better that cure.”