What Exactly Is Malaria And How To Get Rid of It?

Malaria becomes a common disease in tropical and sub-tropical region, where the parasites can live and grow. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 3.2 billion people are at risk of malaria. Malaria most often found in Central America, South America, Africa, and southern Asia. In 2015, estimated 21 crore people across the globe died because of Malaria.

Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It is transmitted because of the bite of an infected Female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito becomes infected due to the parasite called “Plasmodium Vivex”. When the mosquito bites you, it releases the parasite into your bloodstream.

This parasite then travels to the Liver to grow and become mature. Once this parasite becomes mature, they move to the bloodstream and infect RBC. Within 48 to 72 hours, this parasite continues to infect red blood cells, resulting in symptoms that last two to three days at a time.

Symptoms

Malaria parasites infect and destroy the red blood cells when they enter your blood stream. The Infection leads to fever, chills, headache, joint pain, tiredness, and diarrhea. An Unborn baby may get malaria through his mother.

There are two types of malaria symptoms.

Uncomplicated symptoms

Severe malaria symptoms

Uncomplicated symptoms

When a person is infected with malaria, he may have the following symptoms:

  • Cold Stage (shivering, sensation of cold)
  • Hot Stage (fever, vomiting, headache)
  • Sweating Stage (sweat, tiredness, body ache, weakness, mild jaundice)

Severe malaria symptoms

It occurs when infection complication increases and becomes a serious disease for a patient. It is a medical emergency and should be treated urgently. It may lead to death.

  • Neurological Abnormalities
  • Red blood cells destruction
  • Low blood pressure caused by heart rate down
  • Acute kidney failure
  • Excretion of free hemoglobin in the urine due to rupture of red blood cells.
  • Deficiency of glucose in blood stream
  • Excessive acidity in the blood and tissue fluids

Examine & Test

Doctors examine you to find out the disease or malaria parasites that may be present in your blood.

Here are several tests which you may know:

  • Liver function test to check the liver damage.
  • Complete blood count (CBC) to check for anemia or other possible infections.
  • Blood glucose test to check the amount of a type of sugar in your blood.

Prevention

The best way to prevent from Malaria is personal protection such as:

  • Mosquito repellent i.e all out, goodnight
  • Use mosquito nets when you sleep
  • Wear protective clothes
  • Use flying-insect spray indoors before you sleep
  • Clean your house and nearest place
  • Take medicians if malaria is present in that location
  • Educate your surrounding people
  • Remove stagnant water from your surroundings
  • Put Kerosene oil or Petrol into the open drain
  • Drainage system should be well covered

Your best time of traveling may be during times of the day when mosquitoes are less active. Mosquito control programs can reduce the risk of malaria or infection.

Conclusion

Malaria is a dangerous disease affected by a malarial parasite, which develops in stagnant water. The biggest issue is, that one-third of the world population suffers from malaria parasite every year. Consult your doctor immidiately, once you find any of the above symptoms. Always take care of yourself.

Precaution is better that cure.